One of the forms of chronic non-infectious disease can be psoriasis on the hands. It causes a lot of inconvenience to a person. Due to the numerous plaques, it becomes more difficult for him to carry out household chores. The patient develops insecurity, against the background of which isolation and social renunciation develops. With this diagnosis, psoriatic rashes affect the fingers, palms, nails, and other areas of the hands. It is very difficult to cope with the disease on your own. If a person intends to recover, he should seek the help of a qualified specialist.
Causes of the event
Doctors identify various reasons for the formation of psoriatic rashes on the hands. In any case, individual treatment is required. To correctly determine the therapy, the doctor must find out the factor that led to the activation of the autoimmune disease. The reason for the development of psoriasis on the hands can lie in the following conditions:
- Compromised immune system;
- Psycho-emotional overload;
- hereditary predisposition;
- Metabolic disorders;
- poor nutrition
- Bad habits;
- chronic skin diseases;
- Climate change;
- Intoxication of the body.
Psoriatic rashes on the hands are often caused by prolonged use of drugs. If left untreated, the plaque can spread to the joints, shoulders, and other parts of the body.
To find out in what form psoriasis on the hands occurs, you should look at the photos showing patients with this disease. Pictures in medical reference books and thematic sites can be used to compare rashes on your body that aren't natural. Also, the disease can be recognized by its characteristic signs.
Symptoms of psoriasis on the hands are as follows:
- Redness of the skin of the upper limbs;
- severe dryness;
- Swelling and thickening of the skin layers;
- Cracking of the formed pustules;
- Pain in the affected area;
- Fusion of single rashes.
People who have a predisposition to the disease should definitely know what psoriasis looks like. Then they will be able to identify it in a timely manner and begin treatment, without waiting for the growth of a pathological rash.
Stages of the disease
It is much easier to cure psoriasis in the first stage of its spread. To understand how to overcome psoriasis on the hands, you first need to find out what stage of development it is at.
In total, there are 3 main stages in the development of psoriasis, which is localized in the hand area:
- Progressive. Small rashes begin to appear on healthy skin. They have clear scales in the center. Gradually, the rash grows, resulting in the formation of plaques;
- Stationary. The rash stops appearing. Their growth also stops. The surface affected by psoriasis begins to peel off;
- Regressive. The plaques flatten, stop peeling off forcefully and gradually dissolve. No traces will remain on the skin where they were.
The condition of the skin and the presence of certain symptoms in the patient helps to calculate the belonging of psoriasis to one of the stages.
How to treat psoriasis on the hands
Hand psoriasis requires complex therapy. The most important thing is the pharmacological and topical treatment of the plaque. Also, doctors recommend a course of physiotherapeutic procedures that have a positive effect on the skin condition.
At the initial stage of psoriatic disease, which leads to the formation of plaques on the hands, the use of such funds is required:
- Salicylic ointment;
- Local action glucocorticosteroids;
- fluorinated glucocorticosteroids;
With drugs that belong to this group, you need to handle very carefully. They are quite dangerous to health, as they can cause serious complications and side effects. Sometimes, after stopping the drug, the disease gets even worse.
As a result of prolonged treatment with these agents, signs of malaise may occur, which manifest themselves in the form of excessive hair growth and atrophy. Therefore, their use is allowed only after the doctor's prescription.
Hand psoriasis can be treated with medications that contain calcipotriol. The initial stage of the disease lends itself much better to such therapy. Although it is best to apply it in the later stages of development. Unlike previous drugs, products with calcipotriol do not lead to skin atrophy. They also do not have a cancellation effect.
Calcipotriol preparations should be used once a day. The daily norm of the substance should not exceed 15 g. The first results of treatment according to this scheme become noticeable for about 2 weeks. A course of drugs using these funds should last no more than 2 months.
Preparations based on tar and naphthalan
Psoriasis, which has affected the area of the hands, fingers and palms, responds well to treatment with preparations containing tar and mothballs. They are relatively safe for health and relatively low cost. Therefore, such treatment will be within the reach of many patients.
When treating with tar and mothballs means, it is necessary to adhere to a number of rules. Doctors do not recommend using them in the fight against a disease that has spread to large areas of the skin. If you neglect this advice, you can improve the development of the pathological process. In addition, tar drugs can lead to complications of chronic diseases.
Psoriasis of the hands can be treated with injections of antihistamines. In addition, the introduction of sodium thiosulfate in an amount of up to 10 ml per day will not hurt. In such a volume, a 10% solution of calcium chloride is often prescribed. Also, the doctor may prescribe sedative medications.
In the treatment of psoriatic rashes on the hands, it is customary to use gels. A positive result is obtained after applying the creams. Ointment therapy is no less effective. All of these drugs can contain hormones or be made from natural ingredients. Hormonal ointment for psoriasis on the hands is most often used for advanced disease. In the early stages, you can get by with safer topical medications.
If necessary, doctors recommend that patients resort to more aggressive means that do not give the disease a single chance. These are aromatic retinoids. One of the best among them is an aqueous gel at a concentration of 0. 05% or 0. 1%.
As auxiliary drugs, the following are prescribed:
- TNF inhibitors;
- keratolytic agents;
If the treatment works, the disease goes into remission. The patient stops being bothered by her symptoms until the next exacerbation. Preventive agents that maintain health in a normal state help to avoid new foci of the pathological process.
To treat or prevent psoriasis on the hands, you can use products prepared according to the recipes of traditional medicine. With their help, it is impossible to cope with the disease. But they significantly improve the effect of drugs and physiotherapy procedures, which is also an important plus.
It is worth trying to overcome psoriatic disease with the help of the following folk remedies:
- Homemade ointment. It is prepared with celandine powder (1/2 tsp), baby cream (5 g) and chicken egg white. The resulting mixture should be applied to the skin of the hands about 3 times a day until the painful rashes disappear;
- Baths with sea salt. This remedy is recommended for patients who develop late stage psoriasis;
- Natural oils. To moisturize dry skin, you need to use this particular product. Flaxseed, apricot, olive and sea buckthorn oils are perfect;
- Solid oil. This substance in its pure form should be applied every night before going to bed on the affected areas of the hands.
It is best to combine several home remedies with each other to speed up recovery.
On the positive side, herbal medicine manifests itself. In psoriasis it is irreplaceable. In order for herbs to help get rid of psoriatic plaques on the hands, you need to know exactly in what form and quantity to apply them.
To get rid of the signs of psoriasis on the hands, you can use the following medicinal plants:
- Celandine. To treat painful rashes, you will need its juice. They should spread the plaques generously, being careful not to get on healthy skin so as not to cause burns. The duration of this treatment must not exceed 3 months;
- Sunflower. With the help of him, medical compresses are made. You will need young baskets of the plant, which should be ground. Next, water is added to the resulting mass. The finished compress is applied to the entire affected area. Sunflower prevents the spread of diseases and relieves inflammation;
- A blend of chamomile, celandine, mint, lavender and lime. A medicinal broth is prepared from them, which is then added to the hand bath.
It is worth trying to prepare various decoctions and infusions from those plants that can contribute to the elimination of painful symptoms. The most important thing is that the person is not allergic to the herbs he uses.
Homeopathy and psoriasis
Many patients practice the treatment of psoriasis that has spread to the hands with homeopathic remedies. They are selected based on a person's constitutional structure. This therapy helps to reconfigure the body and restore the disturbed balance in it.
It is customary to associate homeopathic medicines with organotropic medicines. They reflect in a special way on the activity of internal organs and systems.
With questions about choosing the right remedy, you should contact an experienced homeopath.
Psoriasis of the hands can decrease and worsen periodically. It is in the patient's interest to keep the disease in remission for a longer period of time in order to avoid the subsequent appearance of plaques on different parts of the body. Preventive measures help to cope with this task:
- It is necessary to take care of cleansing the skin of the hands;
- You should adhere to proper nutrition and give up bad habits;
- It is necessary to periodically take vitamin complexes to strengthen the immune system;
- Do not expose your hands to chemicals.
If a person does not violate these rules, then psoriasis will not bother him for a long time.