What is psoriasis and what causes it

Psoriasis is a systemic disease. Treatment of this disease should be carried out by complex methods. This should be done because in such patients there is a violation in the work of several internal organs at once. The causes of psoriasis can also be different.

elbow psoriasis


Doctors haven't definitively established what causes psoriasis. But at the same time, the main factors by which plaques appear on the skin include:

  • predisposition at the gene level. If the parents had psoriasis, it can only be passed on to their children in 25% of cases. When both parents suffered from such a disorder, the risk of transmission increases. Medicine does not yet know the exact moments at the gene level that contribute to the transmission of the disease.
  • Psychosomatics. Psychological reasons also affect the appearance of the disease. Psoriasis appears in those who are constantly in a nervous state or who are constantly under stress.
  • Immunity. A disorder can also appear with a decrease in blood quality indicators or a decrease in immunity.
  • Thyroid gland. With a change in the hormonal background, it will be possible to observe the manifestation of plaques on the body.
  • IDIOT. Failures in the digestive system lead to the manifestation of psoriasis.
  • Insufficient amount of vitamins B and A in the human body.
  • Psoriasis can occur after SARS. At the same time, doctors argue that a cold simply serves as a trigger for the onset of the disease, but is not the cause of it.

To provide the patient with a long remission, he must constantly take vitamins and use ointments.


The plates have different geometric shapes and colors. However, they are slightly convex. The rash is covered with remnants of dead skin. They can be removed. After that, a stain will remain on that part of the body, which will be different in color from the rest of the skin.

The spot size can vary from 1 to 10 centimeters. There are tablets and smaller sizes. Such manifestations can merge into a common mass and affect the whole body. These parts of the body can be itchy. Skin cells will recover much slower than in a healthy epidermis.

The causes of psoriasis can be psychological factors. Psychology is also important here. After undergoing stress, a rash can appear on a person's head. It can also occur on the face or ankles. The disease spreads on the head mainly in the scalp. In the early stages of the appearance of such a disorder, it is easy to confuse it with seborrhea. Therefore, the patient for a long time may not pay attention to the symptoms, attributing it to the usual irritation of the epidermis.

psoriasis medications

Scientists say that regardless of why this ailment appeared, its symptoms may not appear immediately. Spots on the body should become a warning sign. They usually have different geometries and small diameters. On such manifestations there may be particles of dead epidermis.


The causes of psoriasis are different, but treatment should be comprehensive. Initially, it is important to pay attention to the symptoms of psoriasis and then to the causes. Causes and treatment are related.

To immediately stop the disease and prevent the possibility of its spread, it is necessary:

  • Make a diet.
  • Eat foods with vitamins B12, B16, B and A.
  • Do not eat spicy, fried and salty.
  • Don't drink alcohol.
  • Don't be nervous and avoid stress.

At the initial stage of the manifestation of such ailment, it can be treated with salicylic acid ointments. It will relieve inflammation, reduce itching, and eliminate bacteria from the surface of the plaques. In case of complications and in severe cases, the treatment is carried out using a hormone-based ointment. With it, the patient will relieve inflammation and reduce the possibility of the spread of plaques. The severity of the symptoms will also decrease.

Psoriasis also occurs in children. The causes of psoriasis here can be different. Psoriasis in children is also treated comprehensively. Calcium, vitamins, antihistamines and sedatives are prescribed. You can also take herbal baths to relieve stress and tension.

female psoriasis

An indirect effect on the manifestation of plaques can have a surge of hormones. The initial stage of the disease can also be diagnosed in a child during puberty. In women, the onset of the manifestation of the disease may coincide with the onset of menstruation. Symptoms can also appear in adulthood during menopause, when a hormonal increase is observed in the body.

pregnant woman with psoriasis to the doctor

When they carry a fetus, women experience remission. This is due to the fact that the adrenal glands work hard, releasing a large amount of cortisone.

It is also worth noting that the causes, symptoms, and treatment of psoriasis can be almost the same in both women and men, regardless of age.


Half of people with psoriasis may also have joint problems. This disease can affect people aged 30 to 40. Symptoms usually appear in the legs. For diagnosis, you will need to undergo an x-ray, urinate, and blood tests.

Doctors have not yet determined the possibility of an individual approach for each patient with the ability to cure this disease. Therefore, to eliminate the symptoms, non-steroidal drugs and ointments can usually be prescribed.

Folk remedies

In a child or an adult, psoriasis can also be treated with folk remedies. It is susceptible to such treatment. At the same time, the causes of psoriasis can also be different.

If the disease arises due to a gastrointestinal disorder, it can be successfully treated by taking herbal decoctions. Tinctures should be on alcohol. Here you can use the following plants:

  1. Aloe.
  2. Burdock.
  3. Barley.
  4. Dandelion and others.

Such plants can have an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect on the patient's body.


It is important to follow a diet with such a disorder. During periods of exacerbation, it is worth abandoning the use of citrus, milk, eggs. It is also worth taking salty foods carefully and in small quantities, but it is better to refuse salt altogether. Also, you shouldn't drink broths rich in meat or fish. At the same time, doctors note that alcohol in small quantities can be consumed periodically. When the disease begins to progress, it is useful for the body to do fasting days.

the doctor examines the psoriasis on the head


Psoriasis can occur with exacerbations. In this case, most of the patient's skin surface may become stained. The condition of the joints will worsen. This is dangerous because with heart failure, pathology can lead to serious consequences.

In this case, the patient will have to comply with bed rest without fail, inject intravenous liquid that will help relieve inflammation, take complex drugs that the doctor will prescribe, and apply bandages to the skin to cool.


Given all the reasons why plaques can appear on the body, it is possible to determine prevention methods that help prolong remission. This is:

  • Stop smoking and drinking alcohol.
  • Take sedatives and avoid stress.
  • Don't eat junk food (fried, salty, etc. ).
  • Monitor the work and condition of the thyroid gland. This is why it is necessary to visit the doctor regularly.
  • Refuse cosmetics altogether or use them only in small quantities.
  • Establish a daily routine.
  • Take vitamins, especially after SARS.

A good way to prevent psoriasis is ultraviolet radiation. The rays can be both artificial and natural. Therefore, patients are advised to stay in the sun or outdoors more often. When exposed to ultraviolet radiation, damaged areas of the skin produce an enzyme that can speed up the cell regeneration process. With the help of such baths, it is possible to successfully treat both psoriasis of the skin and psoriasis of the nails.

It is also worth noting that scientists have found that there is still no way to fully recover from this disease. Remission can be observed from six months to several years.

Knowing these points, you will be able to determine the symptoms of psoriasis in time and consult a doctor. If such a disorder is treated at an early stage, the therapeutic process can be greatly facilitated and accelerated.